Health Systems and Registries

Mother and Child Health e-Registry

“The healthy future of society depends on the health of the children of today and their mothers” (WHO, 2005)

Maternal mortality is unacceptably high worldwide. It was estimated that in 2015, 303,000 women died during and following pregnancy and childbirth. Almost all of these deaths occurred in low-resource settings, and most could have been prevented.

In late 2014, PNIPH started its assessment of the Maternal and Child Health registry in Palestine. Early results showed that there was a substantial collection of data on antenatal, perinatal, and postnatal care that was not exchanged between primary and secondary health care facilities, but mainly used in annual reports. Care providers had to manually insert data on paper, with limited legislation or agreement on health data confidentiality. As a result of this assessment, PNIPH partnered with the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH) to introduce the Maternal and Child Health (MCH) e-registry in Palestine. In addition to automated data collection and better monitoring and analysis, the main goal of the e-registry was to transfer data from the clinical level to the national level to support evidence-based decision making.

The e-registry was planned and implemented through a consensus-driven process with stakeholders working in maternal child health. The needs assessment tool used internationally was adjusted to match the Palestinian context, and four assessments using the same tool were completed in collaboration with the Ministry of Health (MoH) and UNRWA in West Bank and Gaza.

The database of the registry was developed to describe existing reproductive health facilities, available services, available human resources, and infrastructure. Antenatal and postnatal guidelines as well as corresponding care algorithms were discussed and updated after a series of meetings with physicians, obstetricians, paediatricians, midwives, nurses, and community health workers. Moreover, governance structure to protect mothers and children’s privacy and confidentiality was carefully developed. 

As part of PNIPH’s efforts in controlling quality and ensuring sustainability, training courses for users of the registry were planned to include 1,500 health care providers in West Bank and Gaza.

Due to the poor infrastructure at primary health care clinics in West Bank and Gaza, PNIPH provided clinics with computers, servers, and connectivity supplies, while internet was provided by MoH.

By the end of November 2017, 186 clinics out of 427 (43.6%) had the needed infrastructure; 145 of which provided MCH services in West Bank and Gaza using the e-Registry through a structured data entry system in the form of electronic checklists. This had helped flag high-risk pregnancies and guide care providers with their clinical management.

 

Global Facts

  • Every day, approximately 830 women die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth.
  • 99% of all maternal deaths occur in developing countries.
  • Maternal mortality is higher in women living in rural areas and poorer communities.
  • Young adolescents face a higher risk of complications and death as a result of pregnancy than other women.
  • Skilled care before, during, and after childbirth can save the lives of women and new-born babies.
  • Between 1990 and 2015, maternal mortality worldwide dropped by about 44%.
  • Between 2016 and 2030, as part of the Sustainable Development Goals, the target is to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100 000 live births.

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