Research

The PNIPH works on applied public health researches in order to convert their findings into recommendations for health policies 

Assessment of West Bank Road Traffic Casualties Information Systems Palestine

As in other middle-income countries, an understanding of the epidemiology of road traffic deaths, injuries and disabilities in Palestine is critical to inform sustainable research and policy initiatives aimed at reducing this burden. However, road traffic casualties and their attendant risks are still poorly quantified in the West Bank. Palestine has begun to address road safety by establishing links between several stand-alone road traffic surveillance systems conducted by different West Bank stakeholders. The Palestinian National Institute of Public Health (PNIPH) - a World Health Organization project - supports the establishment of a national integrated Road Traffic Casualties Information System (RTC-IS) to produce accurate data on road casualties nationally, namely fatalities, injuries and disabilities, and enable the implementation of preventive measures and the monitoring of results.

Prevalence and Determinants of Malnutrition and Intestinal Infections among Children and their Mothers in the Jordan Valley

A cross-sectional household survey was carried out to determine the prevalence and distribution of malnutrition and intestinal infections among Jordan Valley children and their mothers. Form each randomly selected household; all children 1- 12 years were selected.

Performance of Mammography Screening in the National Breast Cancer Screening Program: A Retrospective Cohort Study

To evaluate national screening mammography, we tracked abnormal screening results in 2011 for health outcomes. Data were pooled from mammogram registries, and the performance of the screening program was examined using a two-year follow-up window from the time of the mammography. Findings show a shortage of films and physicians and inconsistency in the program in different terms.

Systematic Review on Water and Public Health in Palestine

The main aim of this report is to provide and overview of the ramifications of water scarcity on public health in Palestine. In exploring health ramifications of water scarcity, the report aims to review existing national policies or regulations pertaining to the supply of sufficient domestic water supply, to present a comprehensive overview of trends in water quality, quantity, and service level of domestic water supply. The report also presents the national challenges of domestic water supply and safety management systems in the country and Identifies the qualitative and quantitative assessment and research on water scarcity impact on health.

Accuracy of Mortality Statistics in Palestine

This study serves as a baseline to identify gaps, and to monitor and evaluate planned interventions to improve the Cause of Death Registry in Palestine. The medical records for a random sample of hospital deaths reported in 2012: 371 deaths in the West Bank and 199 deaths in the Gaza Strip were retrieved. The study found a low accuracy in the causes of death recorded.

Assessment of the surveillance of meningitis and viral vaccine-preventable diseases

This study asses the strengths and weaknesses of the clinical and laboratory diagnosis of meningitis caused by viruses and by bacteria as well as by the vaccine-preventable viral diseases mumps, measles and rubella. The assessment followed the general guidelines of the WHO Laboratory Assessment Tool, the WHO Protocol for the Evaluation of Epidemiological Surveillance Systems and the CDC Updated guidelines for public health surveillance systems. A questionnaire was developed for the assessment of 13 MoH and 4 private laboratories. A mini questionnaire was developed for the smaller laboratories. The assessment shows that there is a There is a total lack of antibiotic policy and restrictions on antibiotic usage in the Gaza Strip.

Vaccine-preventable diseases in Palestine-Technical Review

Although the situation of vaccine-preventable communicable diseases and their surveillance in Palestine is generally of high standard, there is always room for considerable improvements. Data in the reported number of vaccinations given and the reported number of vaccine-preventable diseases were collected from the Ministry of Health, analyzed and discussed. Vaccination coverage is very high for all EPI vaccines. The reported number of cases of vaccine-preventable diseases is low for most diseases with the exception of chronic hepatitis B, pertussis and mumps. However, the meningococcal disease situation in the Gaza Strip raises concern.