Systematic Review on Water and Public Health in Palestine
last updated 06-03-2016

Overview

The main aim of this report is to provide and overview of the ramifications of water scarcity on public health in Palestine. In exploring health ramifications of water scarcity, the report aims to review existing national policies or regulations pertaining to the supply of sufficient domestic water supply, to present a comprehensive overview of trends in water quality, quantity, and service level of domestic water supply. The report also presents the national challenges of domestic water supply and safety management systems in the country and Identifies the qualitative and quantitative assessment and research on water scarcity impact on health.

“The emerging Palestinian state is located in southwest Asia on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean. It is composed of two separate areas, Gaza Strip and the West Bank. The eastern boundaries of the West Bank are the Jordan River and the Dead Sea, the western, northern and southern are Israel. There are two distinctive climatic seasons a wet winter and a dry summer. Annual average rainfall in the West Bank and Gaza is approximately 450 and 400 mm, respectively. The present problems that are related to water are many and varied. Palestine, Jordan, and most other mid-eastern countries, which are generally characterized by aridity have very limited water resources. Future population projections in these countries place severe demands on already fragile reserves

Water quality and quantity issues in Palestine have received ample attention in recent years. Ranging from scoping studies to descriptive reports to policy recommendations, local and international non-profits, academics, international development agencies, and governmental bodies have pumped in considerable resources into drawing attention to Palestine’s dismal water conditions.  In spite of the proliferation of water studies, water quality and quantity are deteriorating at an alarming rate.

The main aim of this report is to provide and overview of the ramifications of water scarcity on public health in Palestine. In exploring health ramifications of water scarcity, the report aims to accomplish the following:

  • A review of existing national policies or regulations pertaining to the supply of sufficient domestic water supply.
  • A comprehensive overview of trends in water quality, quantity, and service level of domestic water supply.
  • National challenges of domestic water supply and safety management systems in the country.
  • Identification of qualitative and quantitative assessment and research on water scarcity impact on health.

 

 


 

 


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